A surgical procedure performed for prostate removal is called a prostatectomy, it can be either total or a partial removal of the prostate. Prostate removal is one possible treatment option for those with prostate enlargement or prostate cancer. The prostate is a gland only found in men which is located under the bladder and in front of the rectum. It surrounds the neck of the bladder as well as the urethra which is the tube that is responsible for draining the bladder. For a healthy man the prostate is about the size of a walnut.
There are three glands necessary for reproduction and one of these is the prostate which is responsible for producing a sticky, milky fluid of acids and enzymes. This fluid then makes up about fifteen percent of the overall volume of semen and it helps to sustain the level of sperm cells in the testicles. There is muscle surrounding the prostate which contract when needing to ejaculate the fluid. When the entire prostate gland has to be removed it is known as a radical prostatectomy and it can be performed in several ways.
Prostate Removal Methods
The first option is a perineal prostatectomy which removes the prostate though an incision in the scrotum and anus. There may also be another incision in the abdomen to remove the nearby lymph nodes. The second method is a suprapubic prostatectomy in which an incision in the abdomen just below the belly button is used to remove the prostate and sometimes the nearby lymph nodes. This method is often used in the cases of spreading prostate cancer since it allows the surgeon to remove more tissue. The final method is a laparoscopic prostatectomy which uses a thin tube-like instrument to remove the prostate inserted through a small incision in the belly button.
When it comes to prostate removal there is also the option of a partial prostatectomy in which only part of the prostate tissue is removed. This method of prostate removal is typically only used for those with prostate enlargement and is typically performed as a laser procedure, in which the laser beam cuts in or destroys part of the prostate tissue. However, this procedure is still considered experimental so you won’t be able to find it in all hospitals.
Prostate removal is an effective treatment option for those with prostate enlargement and prostate cancer. However, it is still a major surgery which means it has some risks and side effects that you should be aware of. Incontinence and impotence are the two biggest problems associated with a prostatectomy, although the good news is that they are temporary and may go away in time. “Nerve-sparing” techniques have also helped to substantially reduce the chance of impotence.